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Bruce Lee war ein sinoamerikanischer Kampfkünstler, Kampfkunst-Ausbilder und Schauspieler. Er gilt als Ikone des Martial-Arts-Films und wird von vielen als größter Kampfkünstler des Jahrhunderts angesehen. Er entwickelte den Kampfkunststil. Es ist zwar "nur" ein Grab auf einem öffentlichen Friedhof, aber schon interessant, wie viele Menschen nach mehr als 45 Jahren noch dort hingehen. Im Internet recherchierte er den Friedhof, auf dem Bruce Lee zusammen mit seinem Sohn Brandon bestattet ist. „Dann musste man noch das. Bruce Lee (chinesisch 李小龍 / 李小龙, Pinyin Lǐ Xiǎolóng, Jyutping Lei5 Siu2Lung4, Bruce Lee wurde am Januar (Das Grab von Bruce Lee). Am Grab von Bruce Lee. Koa Kampground Seattle, Montag, Heute schien die Sonne und wir hatten blauen Himmel. Trotzdem.
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Close-ups were used to finish the fight, as Bruce struggled and had to drag his leg, which was covered up with and contributed to his character's worn out, exhausted appearance.
The cast and crew spent the last twelve days in August filming further scenes in Bangkok, where Bruce enjoyed breakfast in bed at the Thai Hotel, a luxury he never had in Pak Chong.
An old teak house in the east side of Phra Pradaeng district was used as the family home, while Nora Miao's scenes and part of the opening fight sequence were filmed on the quieter west side, which resembled rural Pak Chong.
The Big Boss film crew returned to Hong Kong on 3 September, where there would be a further day of filming for insert shots including close-ups of Bruce avoiding the dogs and the "leg-grappling" scene during the fight with the boss these were filmed at the Royal Hong Kong Golf Club.
Bruce viewed over three hours of unedited footage on 5 September, and was pleased with the results. While Bruce was in the US, the footage was sent for processing and editing.
The editing was initially done by Golden Harvest editor Sung Ming, but because they were behind schedule, the renowned award-winning editor Chiang Hsing-Lung was also brought in to help.
A veteran of over movies, Chiang Worked very quickly, and helped deliver the film on time. Since he was currently employed by Shaw Bros, his involvement was kept secret, and he was uncredited.
Bruce returned to Hong Kong on 16 October with his family plus friend Robert Baker; they were greeted at Kai Tak Airport by several friends, news reporters and a large group of scouts from the Scout Association of Hong Kong.
The next day, a private screening was held at Golden Harvest for cinema owners. Sung Ming then made further edits to appease the Hong Kong censors, for the film's general release at the end of October.
While in Thailand, Bruce wrote to Linda regularly, telling her he missed her and the children, and was looking forward to seeing them in Hong Kong once filming had been completed.
In return for their air fare from their home in Los Angeles to Hong Kong , Golden Harvest wanted Bruce to make a short film for them called Bruce Lee and Jeet Kune Do , which would run for approximately 15 minutes and be narrated by actress Nora Miao.
According to Hong Kong press reports, Golden Harvest had originally planned for the short film to accompany the release of another upcoming film of theirs called The Hurricane a.
Nora, who was already in Thailand on vacation, joined the film crew in Bangkok in late August to make the short film with Lee but sadly it never happened, presumably because there was not enough time; she did however film a few brief scenes for The Big Boss in a cameo role as a roadside refreshment vendor.
On 23 October , the film premiered at the Queen's Theatre in Hong Kong's Central district for a now legendary midnight screening.
The audience rose to its feet, yelling, clapping, cheering. It was almost impossible to leave the theatre; we were absolutely mobbed.
Shortly after the Hong Kong run, The Big Boss was released in Singapore , and enjoyed similar success there, where it played for a total of 45 days at five theatres.
There was chaos at a midnight preview screening 27 November at Cathay's Jurong Drive-in cinema; police were called as hundreds of cars caused huge jams, and the film had to be delayed for 45 minutes.
Despite the enormous success of The Big Boss in the Far East, overseas distributors were initially reluctant as they didn't think it had potential outside Asia.
It was only when the film suddenly became a surprise hit in Beirut in that they began to take notice. Suddenly buyers from all over the world were arriving in Hong Kong to buy the film, which was soon opening in new markets for Chinese films such as South America, Africa and southern Europe.
There was also a delay in the US, as distributors National General Pictures disliked the dubbing, and spent a lot of money on a new soundtrack featuring new music and rewritten, redubbed English dialogue.
In France, the film became one of the top ten highest-grossing films of , with 2,, ticket sales. When the film was released in the United States, the death of Hsiao Mi, "The Boss", was cut down to him simply being stabbed in the chest with a knife in order to receive an " R " rating.
The original version of his death, which not only shows an explicit close-up of the knife in his chest but Cheng Chao-an's fingers piercing his rib cage and blood flowing from under his shirt, would have given the film an " X " rating.
Columbia Pictures released the film as a re-issue in and again re-issued it with Fist of Fury as a studio sanctioned double feature in February The Big Boss received mixed reviews from critics upon release.
From the South China Morning Post during the film's original Hong Kong run: "This is probably the biggest thing to hit the Mandarin film business since the invention of fake blood Every cinema showing this film is packed to the fire exits.
An acceptable thriller of the James Bond calibre. There are the stereotype good and bad, and the by now redundant theme of revenge.
On top of this, it doesn't flow smoothly; the emotional mood, shallow though it is, is sometimes left out on a limb.
Reviews were also mixed when the film was released as Fists of Fury in the US in spring Now back in Hong Kong, he has become the hottest international movie star since Clint Eastwood.
The characters are certainly simple: these are just plain Chinese country folk whose little disagreements develop overnight into Oriental rumbles equivalent to the Sharks and Jets in West Side Story.
The Big Boss and Deep Thrust a. Lady Whirlwind , make the worst Italian Westerns look like the most solemn and noble achievements of the early Soviet cinema.
The Big Boss has quite a long and complicated history of censorship and editing, with many scenes being trimmed or removed completely for various reasons, for different markets.
It is difficult to pinpoint exactly what was cut and when, as the editing took place over a span of several decades. The notorious "handsaw in the split head" shot was cut by the censors in Hong Kong shortly before the film was released there in October It was only shown in a private screening at Golden Harvest for the press, cinema owners and prospective buyers on 17 October,  but has not been seen since; all that survives are a few stills.
The nudity and bloodshed was toned down, along with a few seemingly innocuous scenes, including the final one filmed in a studio in Hong Kong , where Cheng Chao-An Bruce Lee and Hsu Chien James Tien are walking home after the fight near the gambling den; they enter a narrow alleyway and have to grab hands and leap onto a wall to avoid a cart which is hurled towards them by one of the returning villains.
The only logical explanation for the cutting of this scene was that it was done to increase the pacing of the early part of the film, which placed more emphasis on James Tien's character than on Bruce Lee.
There was a reduction to the gruesome sequence in which the body of cousin Ah Wong is cut apart by the electric saw, and body parts are placed into the ice container.
A small edit was made to the dinner party scene, where a drunken Cheng approaches the prostitute Wu Man played by Malarin Boonak , and imagines her topless.
The scene where Cheng is sitting by the riverside following his discovery of the bodies at the family home, was shortened. When he stands and throws his bundle of belongings into the river, there were then shots of his murdered friends, followed by him angrily shaking his fist and shouting, "Revenge!
The next cut is another entirely deleted scene, and another popular one alongside of the "saw-in-the-head" scene. After Cheng runs down the road from the creek, rather than cutting to him arriving at the Big Boss' mansion like the mainstream cuts, he returns to the Thai brothel for a third time.
Here, he picks up the prostitute in a red sweater-type dress seen in the background the second time Cheng visits the brothel.
Cheng and the prostitute go to her room; Cheng pushes her onto the bed, and the two begin to strip.
Cheng stands in front of the bed, completely nude, but also completely emotionless. The woman lies on the bed and Cheng walks waist-high shot towards the camera, blurring out the scene.
Next, Cheng is shown putting on his shirt, while the woman remains in bed. He lays his remaining money on her stomach, even though he already paid to be with her.
He then picks up a bag of crisps from the bedside table; he tries one, then leaves. This scene is symbolic and quite important, as in the previous scene Cheng discards his belongings in the river, and here he gives away his money and enjoys his final pleasures and one last meal before either being killed or arrested, a message which is now lost.
A few seconds of this scene including a shot of an apparently naked Bruce standing behind the bed can be seen in the original trailer.
Other missing scenes briefly visible in the same trailer show Hsu Chien re-enacting a fight for his co-workers in the family home; Cheng walking towards the Drinkstand Girl's Nora Miao roadside refreshment stall the camera zooms in to show her smiling at him ; a different head visible in the block of ice when Cheng is investigating the ice house; blood pouring from Hsu Chien's head after being stabbed by the boss's son.
It is not known if these four scenes were in any print of the film. Further quick shots of violence — mostly involving weapons such as iron chains, sticks, knives and an ice pick — were cut from the prints in the UK and a few other European countries.
These cuts were inexplicably maintained for the "pan and scan" videos released in the s and s but waived for the UK DVD release by Hong Kong Legends in late Also restored, surprisingly, was the bloodier death scene of the big boss.
However, the material cut in in Hong Kong has never been restored, and remains missing. The Mandarin print screened for over 1, lucky fans came from Golden Harvest's London office, and was complete with the exception of the censored "saw in the head" shot.
An early Mandarin print containing some extra footage is rumoured to still exist, and is thought to be in the hands of a private collector.
Hopefully in the future it will see the light of day and the fans will finally be able to see the original, longer version.
Until then, all that remains of the missing scenes are a handful of photos and a few brief trailer clips. The U.
However, the titles were accidentally reversed. Unlike other Lee films, The Big Boss is unique in having not only two, but three completely different music scores.
This was made for the original Mandarin language version, and was also used in the English export version, in addition to the theatrical French and Turkish versions.
It is similar to other martial arts film scores, especially the Shaw Brothers films. Wang was the only one to receive credit, but it is also believed composer Chen Yung-yu assisted with the score.
At least one cue from Japanese composer Akira Ifukube 's scores for the Daimajin trilogy of films was also utilised as stock music. The second and most popular of the music scores was by German composer Peter Thomas.
This did not become widely known until , when most of the music he composed for the film appeared on iTunes in a The Big Boss collection.
Thomas's involvement stems from a complete reworking of the English version of the film. The early version featured the British voice actors who worked on all Shaw Brothers films and used Wang Fu-ling's score.
It was decided to make a new English version that would stand out from the other martial arts films. New actors were brought in to voice the film in English, and Thomas re-scored the film, abandoning Wang Fu-ling's music.
The third score is the Cantonese release score, which primarily features music from Golden Harvest composer Joseph Koo.
However, a good portion of Koo's music in the Cantonese version was originally created in for the Japanese theatrical release of The Big Boss , which was half Koo's music and half Peter Thomas'.
Golden Harvest simply took Koo's music from the Japanese version and added it to the Cantonese version. The film was directed by Chan Chue, who was an assistant director on the original film and also reprises his role as the villainous ice factory manager.
The Big Boss Part II not to be confused with Big Boss 2 starring Dragon Lee and Bolo Yeung was partly filmed at some of the Pak Chong locations used in the original film, including the ice factory and the Buddhist temple which is used as the villain's lair.
The elusive film still exists, but has never been officially released on home media. Both films feature a variation of the rumour that Lee was challenged on the set by a Thai boxer.
In Myth , Lee was challenged on set and was caught in the middle of an ambush later on off the set. In Dragon , Lee is challenged during an actual take during filming of The Big Boss , wearing the trademark rolled up long sleeve white T-shirt, white sash, and black pants.
Both of these are highly exaggerated accounts not to mention that Dragon makes the mistake of saying that filming for The Big Boss began in July rather than in July , as the story told is that Lee merely discusses martial arts with a Thai fighter on the set.
Once again, this biopic shows Lee encountering a Thai boxer on the set of The Big Boss , this time with the challenger being played by martial arts film veteran Mark Dacascos.
Photos and behind-the-scenes video of this scene have appeared on various websites, including Dacascos's official site.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the film, see Fist of Fury. This article is about the film starring Bruce Lee.
For other uses, see Big Boss disambiguation. Hong Kong portal Film portal Martial arts portal. Bruce Lee: A Life. Simon and Schuster.
New Empress Magazine. Archived from the original on 8 December The Bruce Lee Story. Ohara Publications, Inc.
Warner Paperback Library. Bruce Lee: Mandarin Superstar. On The Fly Productions Ltd. Bruce Lee: Letters of the Dragon.
Chin approached Lee and handed him an envelope. The contents were written in Cantonese; when Lee finished reading, he looked at Chin and laughed.
The letter expressed a measure of irritation at the way Lee had conducted himself during a demonstration in San Francisco just a few days earlier.
At the time, Lee had some brash, heated words for anyone who felt they could match his skills. The letter proposed a meeting between Lee and Wong Jack Man, a fellow Wing Chun stylist who ran a school less than 15 miles away.
It was the second such request for Lee to back up his words in a physical confrontation—this time hand-delivered, to ensure Lee received it.
Lee quickly wrote a letter of his own accepting the match, which he gave to Chin. In less than a month, he and Wong would be standing opposite one another.
In October , Bruce Lee had a pregnant wife, an unfinished drama education from the University of Washington, and little else.
Though he had been a child actor in his native Hong Kong, international film stardom was several years away. Though he had not fully sculpted the action figure physique he would become known for, Lee had a series of theatrical displays that usually left audiences impressed.
It was expected the man would be knocked backward, just as Lee had done dozens of times before. Lee threw his punch, but the man was unmoved.
It played like a comedy routine, and the audience began laughing. Lee, who had a tendency to lose his temper in record time, began seething.
Some spectators flicked cigarette butts at his feet. Annoyed, Lee invited anyone who thought they could do better to the stage.
He was the best man there, he said, and the best fighter in San Francisco, and would welcome any challenges to be proven wrong.
While Lee was likely trying to recover from a rare embarrassment, not everyone in the audience took his comments lightly.
The martial arts establishment thought his attitude was cocky. Wong agreed, and Chin helped compose the letter agreeing to a match before delivering it.
Lee was no stranger to fights, having grown up getting into altercations in the streets and occasionally brushing against the law.
After Chin visited, he insisted Wong come to his school in Oakland; after a few phone calls to finalize a time, he welcomed his challenger in the evening hours.
As Lee had his friend, Jimmy Lee, lock the front door, Wong and his associates came to a realization: there was a discrepancy in how each man was approaching the bout.
Wong saw it as a sparring match with the volume turned up, a demonstration of skills; Lee was going to treat it like one of his street fights, where nothing was off-limits.
Lee would later tell Black Belt magazine his encounter with Wong would change his way of thinking forever, evolving from a strict Wing Chun style to his own Jeet Kune Do, which incorporated a variety of techniques.
According to writer Rick Wing, who tracked down as many of the surviving 11 spectators as he could—along with Wong himself—the fight was not as one-sided as Lee described it.
He did, however, sport a pair of leather bracelets he wore over his wrists, and one of his strikes caught Lee near his neck, staggering him.
Wong followed up with a headlock, but chose not to strike while Lee was doubled over. After 20 minutes of Lee pressing the action and Wong picking his spots, Wong lost his footing and fell to the ground, where Lee tried to pounce on him.
Observers told Wing they feared Lee was getting too heated and stepped in to break up the bout. The frustration led to an increased devotion to training.
Though the men had agreed not to discuss the fight, news circulated in Chinese newspapers. The printed version started as gossip fodder, distorted to attribute the reason for the bout as being over a woman—a Chinese actress, Zhang Zhongwen, who had briefly danced the cha-cha with Lee before his infamous demonstration.
Now in his 70s, Wong still resides in the San Francisco area. He rarely speaks of the Lee bout. When the actor died in , he sent flowers.
A relaxed Lee mentioned they were both Chinese, had come from the same martial arts lineage, and had no reason to quarrel.
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